Identification and Description
Probably one of the most recognized and widely dispersed of the larger animals in North America, deer are known as an important wildlife resource as well as an animal control problem. Certainly there are positive economic values in relation to deer because of hunting license fees, hunting expenditures for things like food and equipment, and meat. Every deer that is acquired through hunting is worth a substantial amount to the economy, and the significance of that contribution is rarely disputed.
Despite those facts however, deer often do quite a bit of damage to properties as housing and commercial developments move closer and closer to their natural habitats. Not only can deer damage personal property and crops, they also harbor diseases that are common to and can be passed to both livestock and humans.
Because of the contribution that deer make to both the aesthetic and economic structure of areas they inhabit, casually eliminating them from a property they are damaging isn't as simple as with other common pests. Since it is ideal to manage herds rather than eliminate them, deer control becomes a social and even political problem. Often wildlife agencies are directly or indirectly involved with the control of the animals.
Diet and Feeding Tendencies
With the exception of winter months when they use dense forest areas for shelter and protection, deer are partial to forest edges when they look for food. Generally feeding on leaves and stems that are available to them year round, plant species that deer gravitate toward vary a great deal depending on the area in which they live. Seasonally fruits and nuts are important, and when they are available, deer will readily feed on agricultural crops like corn, small grains and even fruit trees.
Damage and Deer Control Options
Since both mule deer and white tailed deer lack upper incisors, damage from browsing deer is relatively easy to identify. Deer leave a jagged and torn surface on twigs and stems as opposed to rabbits or rodents that leave a more clean-cut surface. Not only will deer damage a wide variety of crops, they also feed on stored hay and ornamental hedges and trees.
Along with the direct loss of crops and vegetation, there may also be damage to future yield of crops like alfalfa and fruit tree production. Decorative shrubs and trees are often permanently damaged as a result of deer feeding. Besides damage inflicted on crops and other plants, deer are known to distribute and transmit Lyme disease to humans and pose a serious risk by causing motor vehicle accidents when they wander on to highways.
When deer become a pest control problem on your property, it is important to find professionals in your area that are equipped to remove them safely, effectively and legally. Click here for assistance in finding a company to help you control or stop the damage deer are causing to your property in a timely and humane way.
Animal Control - Interesting Facts
An adult rat can squeeze into a hole in your house as small as the size of a quarter.